Journal of Applied Computing in Civil Engineering, in 2005
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You can get the document of full-paper in pdf by clicking at the title part.
Development of web-based slope stability evaluation system (SSE-web)
Hirohito Kojima Member of JSCE, Dr. Eng., Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Tokyo University of Science (TUS)
Shigeyuki Obayashi Member of JSCE, Dr. Eng., President of Land Information Technology Laboratory (LITELA) Co., Ltd.
Takehiro Ichikawa Member of JSCE, Hitachi Software Engineering Co., Ltd.
Yuki Mukai Member of JSCE, INCS Co., Ltd.
<Abstract> For better evaluation of hazardous area affected by the slope failures as well as landslides, the web-based Slope Stability Evaluation model (SSE-web) has been constructed. In the SSE-web, the relationship between the gpast slope failuresh and the gcausal factors (i.e., satellite remote sensing data, geographical information)h are constructed. The SSE-web consists of the following systems; i) Pre-processing system, ii)Analysis system, iii)Post-processing system, and iv)Information providing and management system. The functions for making the causal factors belong to the pre-processing system. Through the analysis system, the factor analysis could be carried out on the slope stability evaluation. The post-processing system supports the editorial works on the slope stability evaluation maps as well as the analysis results. Furthermore, the post-processing system assumes a role to provide and manage those data sets. The system designs on the SSE-web might be a good guide for constructing the related system of spatial-data integration and analysis under the internet-environment.
<Keywords> slope stability evaluation, network environment, satellite remotely sensed data, geographical information,quantification method, spatial data integration and analysis,


Fundamental Resear ch of System for Extracting Attributes of Digital Map by Automatic Search on WWW
Monobe Kantaro Student Member of JSCE, Master of Informatics, Faculty of Informatics Graduate Course, Kansai University
Tanaka Shigenori Member of JSCE, Dr. Eng., Professor, Faculty of Informatics, Kansai University
Furuta Hitoshi Member of JSCE, Dr. Eng., Professor, Faculty of Informatics, Kansai University
Kato Yuichi Non Member of JSCE, Bachelor of Informatics, Faculty of Informatics Graduate Course, Kansai University
Nonaka Hiroshige Non Member of JSCE, Bachelor of Informatics, Faculty of Informatics Graduate Course, Kansai University
<Abstract> A service for providing spatial information is recently increasing. This service is easily used by a personal computer or a mobile phone. It is important that a digital map has a lot of attributes on the spatial service. However, making attributes of digital maps requires a great deal of time and money. Therefore, it is difficult to define attributes of spatial data and to produce these values. The purpose of this research is to develop a system that can automatically produce and update attributes of the digital map by searching on Web pages. Moreover, a function for searching spatial information with a keyword of natural language is implemented.
<Keywords> GIS, Web, Digital Map, Attribute, Natural-Language Processing


ROAD PAVEMENT MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING SYSTEM APPLICATION
Mitsuru Jido Member of JSCE, M.Science, Chuo Hukken Consultants Co., Ltd.
Ryo Ejiri Member of JSCE, Central Japan Railway, Co., Ltd.
Toshimori Otazawa Member of JSCE, Dr.Eng., Tohoku University
Kiyoshi Kobayashi Member of JSCE, Dr.Eng., Professor, Kyoto University
<Abstract> In this paper, a Pavement Management Accounting System application (in brief, PMAS application) is presented to control the life cycle costs of road pavement. The aim of the PMAS application is to provide the decision makers with the planning information regarding repair strategies and the accounting information on the asset values for the efficient asset management of road pavement. By comparing alternative accounting schemes, the authors conclude that the maintenance accounting is the best accounting scheme for the efficient asset management of road pavement. The PMAS for the asset management is constructed by applying the maintenance accounting scheme. The validity of the PMAS presented in this paper is investigated through case studies conducted for Mie Prefecture in Japan.
<Keywords> dynamic optimization, steady-state strategy, life cycle cost ,pavement management systemt


Refer ence Investigation Concerning Utilization of 3D Information in Construction Industry
Monobe Kantaro Student Member of JSCE, Master of Informatics, Faculty of Informatics Graduate Course, Kansai University
Tanaka Shigenori Member of JSCE, Dr. Eng., Professor, Faculty of Informatics, Kansai University
Furuta Hitoshi Member of JSCE, Dr. Eng., Professor, Faculty of Informatics, Kansai University
Masukura Katsushige Faeroe Member of JSCE, Head of Branch Office, JACIC Construction Information Laboratory
<Abstract> Recently, CALS/EC is rapidly being promoted with the development of information technology. CALS/EC aims at an increase in efficiency of business by carrying out information exchange, cooperation, sharing, and reuse for digital results in the process of the life cycle of investigation, planning, design, construction, and maintenance management in public works. In CALS/EC, attention is being focused on utilization of 3D information for CAD or GIS. In order to promote CALS/EC in the future, it is very important to utilize 3D information. The purpose of this present research is to undertake reference investigation about practical utilization of 3D information in the construction industry. Moreover, the present condition of practical utilization of 3D information in the construction industry was analyzed.
<Keywords> 3D Information, Construction Industry, CALS/EC, Reference Investigation


ANALYSIS OF GRANULAR FLOW BY CELLULAR AUTOMATA
Osamu Tsujihara Member of JSCE, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Wakayama National College of Technology
Yu-ki Tanaka Osaka City Office
Tsutomu Sawada Member of JSCE, Ph.D., Professor, Tokushima University
<Abstract> The objective of this study is to propose a new method to simulate the granular flow with Cellular Automata (CA). First, it is demonstrated through the preparatory numerical experiment that Moorefs neighborhood is reasonable as a basic rule to realize the effect of gravity. However, the rule in which only the effect of gravity is taken into consideration is not satisfactory. Then, the effect of friction between the grains and between the grain and wall is combined into the rule. Rice grains are used in the experiment of granular flow. The results of experiment of granular flow are compared with the simulation by the method proposed in this study.
<Keywords> Cellular Automata, grain, flow, friction


STUDY ON FRAMEWORK OF CONSTRUCTION PROFILE FOR COLLABORATIVE AND INTELLIGENT CONSTRUCTION
Shigeomi Nishigaki Member of JSCE, M. Eng., President, Kick, Co
Hitoshi Sugiura Not member of JSCE, M.Eng., Senior Consultant, Kick, Co.
Teiji Takamura Not member of JSCE, Ph.D., Senior Consultant, Kick, Co.
Hiroshi Ogura Not member of JSCE, Technical Research Center, Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd
Keiji Hatori Not member of JSCE, Technical Research Center, Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd
<Abstract> Collaborative and intelligent construction means production system that rationalizes construction by applying information technology to utilize a great variety of information. This paper presents pre-survey, framework of representation being possible to utilize data, general framework of processing data and managing information to assess construction profile, and development of prototype of construction information management system, which are included in study on framework of construction profile to support the collaborative and intelligent construction system.
<Keywords> Collaborative and intelligent construction, framework of construction profile, construction profile assessment, XML

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